'''''Heȟáka Sápa''''' ('''Black Elk''') (December 1863 – August 19, 1950)
was a famous ''wičháša wakȟáŋ'' (medicine man
and holy man) and heyoka
of the Oglala Lakota people|Lakota
(Sioux) who lived in the present-day United States, primarily South Dakota. He was a second cousin of the war chief Crazy Horse
Near the end of his life, Black Elk met with amateur ethnologist John Neihardt
and recounted to him his religious vision, events from his life, and details of Lakota culture. Neihardt edited a translated record and published ''Black Elk Speaks
'' in 1932. The words of Black Elk have since been published in numerous editions, most recently in 2008. There has been great interest in his work among members of the American Indian Movement
since the 1970s and others who have wanted to learn more about a Native American religion.
Black Elk's first wife Katie...